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Today is: Last updated: Tuesday, January 07, 2014

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Conserving Water the World Over

It has not yet been a year since the South–North Water Transfer Project began in earnest. The project's aim is to divert almost 50 billion cubic metres of water from the Yangtze River in southern China to the Yellow and Hai River, both located in northern China, where water resources have been gradually diminished as a result of industrialization and relatively low annual rainfall. Given southern China’s bounty of H2O, expectations were that the project would reach completion without any major complications, but now its implementers confront an unexpected reality: that after a timely Autumnal dry spell, water reserves at Danjiangkou reservoir are much lower than they first anticipated. Annually, the reservoir averages approximately 9.5 billion cubic metres of water, a volume massive enough to supply 19 major cities; by September, due to a lack of rain and with many upstream dams preserving water in the event of a winter or spring drought, it had managed only 70 percent of this mammoth figure.

It doesn’t end there. According to some scientists, southern and northern regions of China are soon to undergo a radical reversal of fortunes, with droughts scheduled for the near future in the soggy south and rain due to fall abundantly on the arid north. Countering these predictions is chief engineer of the Yangtze River Water Resources Commission, Zheng Shouren, who insists that the failure of the Danjiangkou reservoir to shore up its reserves last autumn is merely a temporary setback. The collection and storage of a water supply will now take place during the summer flooding season of next year; come October, said the renowned scientist, the diversion of that water will go ahead as planned. He did, however, admit that lengthy dry patches could eventually prove problematic, emphasizing the need for integrated river basin management in the event of further water blockage from upstream dams.


 Tackling Water Shortages in the Himalayas

Meanwhile, representatives from dozens of Buddhist monasteries this month travelled to New Delhi for a five-day conference on the topics of fresh water conservation and preservation in the Himalayas, issues Ogyen Trinley Dorje branded “very immediate” for Tibetans.

In a statement to the press, the spiritual leader voiced his concern for “the unprecedented amount of development in Tibet,” which he claimed is “causing serious pollution of water sources.” He further identified “the melting of the glaciers and permafrost, caused by climate change, [as] an immediate source of threat to Tibet, Tibetan water and therefore to all of Asia, which gets much more of its water from the Tibetan plateau.”

Organized by the World Wildlife Fund, the Khoryug Conference on Environmental Protection for Tibetan Buddhist Monasteries and Nunneries in the Himalayas was originally devised to initiate an open conversation to tackle a wide range of environmental and human issues. During the five-day event, Buddhist monks and nuns will learn practical methods on how to protect local water sources. They will also learn invaluable techniques on how to recharge groundwater, by harvesting rainwater for instance.

Speaking to the press, the Director of Environment and Development in the Central Tibetan Administration in Dharamsala, Tenzin Norbu, drove the point home:

“When they go back, they should respect the value of the water. Since most of these are from the Himalayan area which is connected to the Tibetan plateau, they should know the importance of the place where they came from, so that they can also create local awareness on how important it is to protect the Himalayan glaciers.”


How Businesses Can Help

Remote corners of the world such as these are not the only places where water conservation is a crucial issue for people and the environment. The way in which we conserve our water supplies posits a worldwide dilemma; certain reckless and careless businesses face huge fines for wasting what is almost certainly the world’s single most precious natural resource. For more environmentally-conscious cruise ships, however, this shouldn’t be a problem. Royal Caribbean, which started its green campaign over 40 years ago, laid out the four key principles of its Save the Waves programme as: “Reduce, Reuse Recycle, Practice Pollution Protection, Go Above and Beyond Compliance and Continuous Improvement.” On their blog, Iglu Cruises offer the example of the Disney Cruise Line, which uses “water generated from air conditioning to run on-board laundry services. Rather than storing water or treating water as others do they are using the waste product very productively." They contend that by pumping large sums of money into green technology to redevelop water treatment facilities aboard cruise ships, which “from solar panels to powering private islands with waste materials” have garnered huge support from environmentalist organizations as principled as treehugger.com, “cruise companies have been making great strides in becoming greener.”

The specifics are especially encouraging: “Ships generate thousands of gallons of black and grey water which requires treatment, but following thousands, sometimes millions of pounds of investment (Royal Caribbean have spent $100 million) on redeveloping on-board water treatment facilities ships are now able to turn their waste water into a product often cleaner than the water that comes out of your tap at home.”

Many peoples’ lives depend on the ongoing conservation of the world’s water; it is critical that everyone contribute in their own way – even the smallest efforts make all the difference – and collectively we can take responsibility over the most important issue of our time.

As producers throughout the nation grow increasingly concerned about water scarcity, farmers, ranchers and agricultural educators are beginning to explore new, conservation-oriented approaches to water use. They are managing soil to improve infiltration, selecting drought-tolerant crops and native forages, and designing innovative runoff collection systems. We have found over teh past two decades that adjusting the reservoir capacity of the soil is the most effective way of conserving water in agriculture. Nevada Recreation Inc has proven this course of action in Nevada, California, Europe North Africa and the Middle East over the past 20 years.
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World Water Conservation. com is a site acting as a forum to promote the practice of water conservation throughout the world. The site
has been around for a few years but with the rapid changing world situation, water is of major importance. We do not believe in man-made
global warming but we do believe in a shortage of good potable water for mankind.

WorldWaterConservation.com is located in Reno/ Lake Tahoe, Nevada Area.
Part of Survival-Inc., Mountain Survival Inc. and Nevada Recreation Inc. ( Nevada Corporations)